Welcome to B.R. Howard & Associates, Inc. 

B. R. Howard & Associates was established in 1989 and incorporated six years later in 1995. Our company focuses on the conservation of historic artifacts in accordance with the principles defined in the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice. Our staff is comprised of both graduate trained conservators, pre/post graduate interns, and highly skilled technicians. Numerous projects have required a multi-disciplined team approach utilizing the collaborative efforts of conservators specializing in the treatment of: metals, wood, stone, paper, textiles, leather, and paintings. Our goal as a company is to provide a pool of resources and knowledge through continual education and professional associations in order to offer our clients the best service at manageable costs.

  • Contact Us

  • B.R. Howard & Associates

  • Phone: 1.888.264.2959
    Fax: 717.200.2537
    Email: [email protected]


Restoration as traditionally practiced, focuses its efforts upon returning an object or work of art to the objects original state, an assumed condition, or an earlier appearance. In order to obtain these states, conditions, or appearances, often little regard is given to the historic “in-use” alterations and/or changes caused by the passage of time. In other words, restoring an object to its original state often erases the physical historic markers of an object's use by significantly altering physical evidence and original materials.


However, in the past 40 years, the restoration of art and historic cultural artifacts has evolved and developed into the profession of art conservation. Conservation of art and cultural property is an interdisciplinary approach which incorporates art, historic research, scientific analysis, and material science to document, stabilize, and preserve historic artifacts. Art conservation focuses on the stabilization and preservation of an object using preventative measures to inhibit on-going or future deterioration of the object or its components. This is accomplished by selecting methods and materials that, to the best of current knowledge, do not adversely affect the historic or artistic objects´ original materials. Ideally, conservation treatments will not impede future examination or scientific analysis nor adversely impact future treatments or functionality of the object.


Conservation activities include examination, documentation, preventative conservation, and conservation treatment. It is important to note that conservation treatment may, but not always, include aesthetic compensation or compensation for loss. Definitions are as follows:


Examination: The study of the structural stability, materials used in an object's construction or fabrication.


Documentation: Written and photographic records of information discovered or techniques used during treatment.


Treatment: The direct and deliberate efforts required to stabilize an object's condition to “prolong its existence” (AIC Code of Ethics).


Stabilization: Measures employed to slow active deterioration and ultimate loss or an artifact or artifact component.


Restoration: The procedure required to repair damages and losses with the intent to return the object to its original state or earlier appearance.


» click here for a glossary of commonly used terms