The careful study of an artifact focusing upon the materials used in their construction, the methods of fabrication, structural stability, and overall condition and history.
Written and photographic records of information discovered during the initial examination, all procedures and treatments, and of materials and techniques used during treatment.
The direct and deliberate efforts required to stabilize an object condition in order to “prolong its existence” (AIC Code of Ethics).
Measures employed to slow active deterioration and ultimate loss of an artifact or artifact component through the implementation of storage, establishment of proper environmental conditions, proper handling and exhibition.
The procedure required to repair damages and losses with the intent to “restore structural stability, visual unity, and / or function and use.” (AIC Code of Ethics).